From the Center

Reflections from W&M's Writing Resources Center

Starting at the Center

Process DrawingsEvery year, new writing consultants in the WRC training course are asked to draw their writing process. It’s an interesting exercise in understanding the many ways writers approach writing. When I was in the course, this exercise also prompted me to actively reflect on my own process.

In comparing our drawings of the writing process, we came to several conclusions. Generally,  useful phases of the process include pre-writing, revision, and editing. The process does not always flow neatly in that order, however. Sometimes, we might be in the revision phase of a writing assignment and temporarily revert back to the drafting phase, because we realize that what we thought we were saying was not actually what we said. Sometimes, there are multiple documents saved on our laptops, such as “Assignment,” “Assignment Final,” and “Assignment FINAL Final.” Writing is not linear, and the multi-directional arrows in our diagrams of the writing process reflect its messiness.

Dr. Sharon Zuber, who was director of the Writing Resources Center at the time, told us “writing is thinking.” I have come to realize that she is right. In articulating an argument by compiling evidence, analyses, and ideas, writing is a way of making sense of what we have learned. This interpretation can apply to any type of writing: academic writing, creative writing, and even journaling.

When approaching a writing assignment, sometimes the struggle lies in getting started. Maybe it’s hard to determine a thesis, or know what to include in the introduction, leaving us with an intimidating blinking cursor on an empty white page. As a consultant, I have been able to observe many different people in the process of writing, and I realize that I am not alone in struggling with starting a paper. Logically, I have come to understand that the writing process is not linear. However, approaching the writing process in a nonlinear manner is more difficult to put into practice.

In learning how to get started, I have found that it is useful sometimes to start from the center. Yes, starting from the center can mean coming to the Writing Resources Center with assignments for a second pair of eyes at any phase during the writing process. But it also means cranking out the body paragraph you already know how to write. Starting from the middle is okay—as long as you later fix your introduction, thesis, and conclusion to match. Consider the concept of a “working thesis.” If you have an idea of what you want to argue, getting caught up in the sentence-level details too early can get in the way. I have noticed that obsessing over details like word choice distracts me from the bigger picture. It can be helpful to jot down anything that can act as a thesis or argument to structure your paper, and focus on refining your argument later on. Sometimes, it is easier to find that specific word when your argument becomes more cohesive as you continue writing your paper.

Some of the hesitance in starting from the center may stem from a fear of confusing the reader by disrupting the flow of the paper. Though it is important to consider the audience, writing as a process is not neat and orderly. By giving yourself enough time to edit your draft and make sure it is cohesive, you allow yourself space to get your thoughts out and worry about the overall cohesiveness and flow of the paper later. Sometimes, what may have been the first body paragraph in the outline becomes the third body paragraph in the final paper.

To-do lists that break the project into small, manageable steps can give you a clear path to follow. But when you are feeling stuck, allow yourself to succumb to the mess that is thinking and that is writing. It might be just what you need!

I Have Writing Anxiety: Here’s How the WRC Helped Me

Nothing I learned as a tutor-in-training prepared me for just how ecstatic consulting with a tutor would make me feel. When I was a first-time consultee, I knew to anticipate valuable, perhaps even radical progress; I did not expect the elation that might accompany it. In retrospect, of course, my exhilaration makes perfect sense: in just over thirty minutes with my consultant, Bianca, we accomplished what would have taken countless hours and crippling amounts of stress and self-doubt on my own. Typically, my anxieties about committing to ideas and sharing my work prevent me from starting to write or asking for help. Making an appointment and working with a consultant allowed me to circumvent these obstacles, freeing my ideas and empowering me to challenge the way I approach the writing process. 

Simply making the appointment helped jump-start my writing process. The appointment date set a deadline ahead of the real one, leading me to prepare material far sooner than I would have otherwise. To avoid the possibility of blanking in the middle of the session, I free-wrote to get as much relevant information out of my head and onto paper as possible. My prep generated far more material than I knew I had. Here, my fear of embarrassing myself when sharing my ideas drastically outweighed my reluctance to begin writing. Ironically, my anxiety helped bypass itself. At the same time, I felt more comfortable writing freely because there was no grade accompanying this deadline. So, while I still maintained anxiety about both my writing and the appointment, even the concept of participating in a consultation began to lessen my anxiety’s effect. 

My seasoned tutor further alleviated my fears, first by skillfully establishing a friendly, open, and safe environment. I arrived at the appointment a bundle of tension and nerves; all of that stress began to melt away as soon as Bianca began to work her magic. She created a comfortable environment with such dexterity that I did not realize she was doing so until well after it had fully materialized. She built rapport through a smooth combination of small talk and conversation. Even this early in the consultation, Bianca assumed the part of the active listener, responding in a way that assured me that if she would listen with care to my thoughts about the weather, she would listen to my concerns about content relevance. Her relaxed demeanor persuaded me I had nothing to worry about. Bianca made it clear that she intended to help as a competent, knowledgeable friend rather than judge as a teacher; in doing so, she assuaged much of my anxiety about showing her my work.

Bianca dealt with my anxiety about committing to ideas by facilitating a conversation adapted to my personality. From the start of our work, she tailored her strategies to my needs by asking what would help me best. We began with writing an outline: I would talk through ideas and she would write them down. This exercise required me to confront my tendency to overthink before I spoke. She noticed this tendency quickly and adopted new strategies to push me through it. Rather than sit in silence while I reached for a thought, Bianca made the brainstorming a conversation. If I could not find the idea I was looking for, she would offer a possibility as a jumping-off point. If I seemed reluctant to express an idea, she would help me phrase it and offer validation. This steady stream of encouragement and facilitation slowly but surely bypassed my anxiety, and I began to trust my instincts more. Thinking out loud made the burden of committing to an idea a shared one, curtailing my anxiety. This conversation concluded with the creation of my thesis statement: alone, I would have agonized over the sentence for hours; with Bianca, it took five minutes. 

Never before have I so easily surmounted my self-doubt in writing, and that is a testament to just how valuable the WRC and its staff can be. I know how difficult it can be to ask for help, but, as the saying goes: two heads are better than one. Sometimes, a friendly face and some time to talk through your work can make all the difference. As a fully-trained tutor now, I continue to book more WRC consultations myself. With all the joy and success they have brought me, I would be a fool not to do so.

Crafting a Social Media Activism Post

There is no doubt that 2020 has been a year of change. Amid a global pandemic, various civil and human rights movements (most prominently Black Lives Matter) mobilized and reached larger audiences. Now, more than ever, people share their opinions and frustrations over social media in the hope of raising awareness and using their voices for positive change. Some of us, however, struggle to find the appropriate words or message. I often feel stressed over whether I say too much or too little on social media. But by implementing a few common-sense strategies before posting, I now craft more thoughtful, confident, and respectful messages. Thorough research, thinking about the intended audience, carefully composing the message, and proofreading at the end will help create a social media post that is not only well-crafted, but well-informed and powerful.

Do Your Research!

As with any school assignment, know the facts before you sit down to write. Misunderstanding the gravity of the topic or situation will reduce your credibility and might be offensive. Look up current events, catch up on the history behind the movement, and familiarize yourself with the goals of an organization. Reading literature on a specific topic like racism also allows for more in-depth understanding. Check out the WRC’s list of literary recommendations and our Statement of Solidarity with Black Lives Matter.

Additionally, research what an opposing organization might say as you prepare to address an audience. Using evidence from their argument in a new way might especially sway them toward your perspective. By informing yourself of all aspects of an issue, you’ll strengthen your argument and write with more depth and nuance.

Think about the Intended Audience

Are you posting on Instagram to followers who understand the topic well? Are you posting on Facebook to friends who might not be in the loop? Are you responding to someone who has opposing views? To write the most effective post possible, think about who will read this post. Beginning with a detailed history of the movement might make sense if your followers have not taken the time to research it themselves. Be prepared for the possibility that the audience will include someone who disagrees with you. This summer, in fact, I helped a friend respond to a follower’s Instagram story that undermined recent anti-racism movements. People in disagreement may see your response as a personal attack. Even if that is how you feel like acting, explain how their arguments contradict the facts, or how your argument is more inclusive. Make an effort to bring them into the conversation, rather than starting a name-calling match. This will make others more open to talking with you while maintaining the strength and influence of your post.

Craft the Message

The main step, crafting the message, should be done with thought and attention. Use your research and understanding to bring up facts and opinions that demonstrate the importance of your argument. In addition, your language choices are especially important when addressing controversies.  Words hold power in their denotations (primary meanings) and their connotations (positive and negative associations), so take care to use language that is not only correct and widely accepted, but also inclusive and sensitive to historical meanings.

Take your stance with clarity and directness, but be sure to know where you stand within the debate. If you have no personal experience but want to speak out in favor of a movement, just make sure your post doesn’t come off as performative or forced. Demonstrate that you not only support a movement but also have an interest in learning more or changing your behavior.

Social media posts are often paired with pictures or videos. Choose these wisely. There are abundant images on the internet depicting protests or other events that portray the significance of your topic. Images add depth to your post and catch your followers’ eye as they are scrolling through their feed. Just remember that not all images are in the public domain. The W&M Libraries offer some easy-to-use advice for finding copyright-friendly resources for media projects.

Before Posting, Re-Read

Before posting, ask yourself some questions. Is this the message I want to convey? How will these words positively (or negatively) affect someone’s view of the movement? If your words match your intention, post! If not, maybe have a trusted peer or family member help you out. Whenever possible, avoid confusion about your claims. Stand up for these arguments proudly and confidently.

With all of these tips in mind, go forth and craft your thoughtful, well-informed, influential social media post and enter into the conversation about significant moral topics of our day. After all, the world needs more people who take the time to stop, research, and, most importantly, speak out on the complexities of these issues if we are to move forward.

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